English in Rosario - Aprendé inglés en Rosario con profesores nativos

English in Rosario es un instituto de inglés que ofrece métodos creativos e innovadores con profesores nativos. Focalizamos en el deseo de comunicarnos con el mundo a través de afinar las cuatro áreas del aprendizaje.

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Infinitive Theory

Infinitive Theory

Infinitive Structure is NOT difficult. Unfortunately some people explain it in a way that makes it confusing and so, at some point in your learning you decided “I hate infinitive”.

Well, if this is your case, you are in for a treat today!

Let’s start from the beginning.

How would you translate this word: BAILAR

I am sure you said, “dance”.

But that is incorrect. The correct translation is TO DANCE because it is not conjugated. There is no subject. No one doing the action. It is not dance! (¡bailá!)

Now, we know that all sentences need three things to be complete: A subject, an action and a noun.

I (subject) like (verb) music. (noun)

But what happens if you want to describe and activity that you like?

I (subject) like (verb) to run. (infinitive verb acting as a noun, an activity)

Let’s take it to the next step

I (subject) like (verb) pizza. (noun)

I (subject) like (verb) to eat. (infinitive verb acting as a noun, an activity) pizza.

If you say, I like run, a very common mistake, it would be similar to saying “Me gusta ¡corré!”

So when we use verbs of emotion, love, like, need, want, hope, etc and we follow that verb by another verb, that verb doesn’t act as an action, because the action is the feeling you have about the activity. The second verb is acting as a noun and for that to happen, IT MUST APPEAR WITH ‘TO’.

What is Mate Talk?

What is Mate Talk?

Well, let’s start with what it isn’t.

  • Mate talk is not a class
  • Mate talk is not a workshop
  • Mate talk is not boring

So then what is it?

Mate talk is a bi-weekly encounter open to all ages and levels of English. Each meeting will consist of open ended conversational questions to ponder, discuss, provoke and examine with the hope of making friends, expanding our perspectives and yes, practicing our English.


What do I get and how much does it cost?

The meeting lasts 2 hours and costs $50 pesos per person. Snacks and mate are always included.

Follow us on Facebook to stay informed about dates and times!

Motherly Love

Motherly Love

“Mommy, is Daddy your boyfriend?”

As of late, my six year old son has become rather inquisitive. He has started asking bigger more “grown up” questions about what it means to be in love and when he will be able to take part.

“No baby, Daddy is my husband. We are married.” I responded. “That is what two people do when they love each other very much and want to spend their entire lives together.

“Does that mean you want to kiss daddy on the mouth?” he said with a smile.

I bit my tongue to keep from laughing. He was so serious in his innocence.

“Yes, I suppose it does,” I responded.

“When can I get married?” he asked

“Well first you need to find a girl or boy that you love very much, someone that gives you butterflies in your stomach, someone you promise to love forever.”

“I promise to love you forever Mommy.”

I melted. “Mommy is already taken my love.”

“Oh, Daddy won’t mind, he likes to share.”

My giggles escaped me.

“Don’t worry sweetie, you have plenty of time to find a partner and once you do, you will spend some time together, making memories and having adventures. Then, when you are sure you want to spend your whole life with that person, and you two agree to love and support each other through thick and through thin, you can get married, if you want to that is.

“What does thick and thin mean?

“It means in good times and in bad.”

“Oh. How old do I have to be to get married Mommy? Mommy?”

I struggled to answer realizing that, in my gut, I wanted to say never.

Because the love I have for him and the definition I had just given him about marriage; making memories, having adventures, loving and supporting each other, those were all things I aspired to do with him too.

I took a deep breath and said, “maybe you are right, maybe Daddy won’t mind sharing after all.” My favorite grin crept across his face and with that I wrapped my arms around him. Squeezing him tighter and tighter, we giggled until our cheeks hurt.

The Uses of Get

The Uses of Get

Get is quite possibly the most difficult aspect to the English language. The reason is, while it has dozens of colloquial uses in the form of phrasal verbs like: get down, get together, and get along. Another reason is that we also use get to replace other verbs like: acquire, receive, become and provoke.

“I get paid on Friday” or “I get my paycheck on Friday.”

  • To get paid – get + adjective
  • To get my paycheck – receive + noun

So, with this in mind, we can use get when speaking about feelings: get nervous, get excited, get scared. We also use get when we talk about receiving a thing: get a letter in the mail, get a raise at work, get lunch with a friend.

But there are a few other contexts that GET might replace another verb. Let’s take a look.

To acquire or receive something – “I got the best birthday present this year.” “I got an email from Sarah today.”

To become (feeling!) – “I got annoyed with all the loud noise.” “I always get car sick on long drives.”

To arrive – “What time did you get home last night?”

To fetch – “Would you please get my purse for me? It is by the front door.”

To understand – “I didn’t get the joke.”

Finally, the most difficult part is understanding the context.

If I say, “Did you get it?” It could be referring to a thing, like, “Did you get the job?” Or in another context, it could be referring to a joke that you didn’t understand. So context is key!

Then of course we have our phrasal verbs. Here are few of the ones we use the most.

More literal meaning: Get on/off/ – the bus, the plane. “We got on the bus at 10:00 A.M.”

Get over – to overcome. “My sister is angry with me for forgetting her birthday but she will get over it.”

Get along – to have a friend relationship with someone. “I get along really well with Vanessa.”

Get through – to endure something, usually difficult. “This year has been difficult, but we will get through it.”

Get off – to have the audacity to do something. “Where do you get off calling me a bitch?!”

Get together – to have an intimate meeting. “The whole family got together for dinner tonight.”

Get back together – to have a reunion – “Did you hear? Susan and Matt are getting back together!”


Getting Back Together

Getting Back Together

An excerpt from Susan McGee’s personal diary…

January 24th 2013

I woke up this morning with a headache after getting drunk again last night. I don’t know why I can’t seem to get my life in order. After I finally got out of bed, I got in the shower, hoping to feel better, but instead I got sick. Ever since Matt told me he wanted to get a divorce, I have felt so depressed. I understand, I mean, we never get along anymore. Why would he want to continue to be with me? Still, I wish things had turned out differently.

I have a plan though, a plan to get him back. I will get a job. I will stop getting drunk. I will get a membership to the gym and hopefully lose some weight. I will focus on getting my life together, and I will show him that I love him.

March 2nd 2013

I got a job and I got my first paycheck! I am on the right track now. I even got a phone call the other day from, guess who? Matt! He said he got a letter in the mail addressed to me so I went to his house to pick it up. When I got there he was sitting at the dining room table with a bottle of red wine. I told him I had quit drinking and he commented on how good I looked. I think I really got his attention. 

He asked me if I would like to get some dinner some time, “just as friends,” he said. But I got the feeling he misses me and wants to get back together. I hope I hope I hope that I am getting the right impression!

May 13th 2013

Matt and I have been seeing each other at least once a week for the past couple of months and things have gotten much better. He even asked me to go on a trip with him! I think we have officially patched things up. We haven’t even had one fight! We are getting along wonderfully!

June 3rd 2013

We got on the plane at 10:00 a.m.  We were dreaming of getting tans on the beaches of Hawaii. When we got to the island, we got a car a map and then got some lunch.  I could really get used to the weather here! It is beautiful! After lunch we went sightseeing and I got some great pictures.  In the evening, we started to get tired, so we got a room at one of the hotels near the ocean. After we unpacked, we got room service and Matt got down on one knee and told me he wanted annul the divorce. He asked me to marry him again, to start over. I got teary eyed and said yes! 


Written by Stephanie Cariker

Director at English in Rosario

¡Llamada abierta!

¡Llamada abierta!

Los que nos conocen, saben que somos amantes del arte, especialmente cuando viene de “casa”. Es por eso que este año hemos decidido convocar a artistas locales para que aporten su creatividad a un proyecto cultural bilingüe.

No hay requistos, solo queremos que nos muestren “su Rosario.”

Esto puede ser en cualquier forma plástica: fotografía, pintura, gráfica, etc.

Antes del 12 de noviembre seleccionaremos una obra para la nueva tapa de nuestro libro 2016, promocionando al artista tanto de forma local como de forma internacional. No sabemos que es lo que estamos buscando pero cuando veamos las obras, decidiremos.

¿Qué tienen que hacer?

Mandar las obras por email (no como adjunto, sino directamente en el mail) a englishinrosario@gmail.com con los siguientes datos:

  • Nombre
  • Apellido
  • Email
  • Telefono
  • Medio usado

Aceptaremos obras hasta el 6 de noviembre.

Se puede mandar más de una obra.

Anunciaremos el ganador el 12 de noviembre.


Theory – Comparatives and Superlatives

Theory – Comparatives and Superlatives

We use comparative adjectives when we want to compare two things or two people. Superlatives are used, however, to show the difference between more than two things or more than two people. For example: I am taller than my sister. I am the tallest woman in my family. To form comparatives and superlatives you need to know the number of syllables in the adjective. Syllables are like “sound beats”.

Perhaps one of the most important things to remember is that comparatives are almost always followed by the word ‘than’ and Superlatives are almost always preceded by the word ‘the’.

One syllable adjective ending in a silent ‘e’ – nice

  • Comparative – add ‘r’ – nicer  – Penny is nicer than Amy.
  • Superlative – add ‘st’ – nicest – Sheldon is the nicest character in the series.

One syllable adjective ending in a consonant

  • Comparative – add ‘er’ – taller – Sheldon is taller than Leonard.
  • Superlative – add ‘est’ – tallest – Sheldon is the tallest of all the characters.

One syllable adjective ending in a consonant with a single vowel before it

  • Comparative – double consonant and add ‘er’ – bigger
  • Superlative – double the consonant and add ‘est’ – biggest

Adjectives with two or more syllables that DON’T end in ‘y’

With most two-syllable and three-syllable adjectives, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most and this is where the confusion comes in. We can never say more or most with a one syllable adjective (more good, better, most tallest, etc)

Two-syllable adjectives ending in ‘y’

The exception to the two syllable rule is that, if the adjective ends in ‘y’ we use the normal one syllable structure but change the ‘y’ to an ‘i’.

  • Comparative – happier
  • Superlative – happiest


Irregular Adjective

Comparative Form

Superlative Form


better best


worse worst


farther farthest




many more



Other ways to compare

If you are looking to compare two things that are equal in description you can use the structure as + adjective + as

I can eat as much as you can.

She isn’t as smart as her sister.

My sister is just as bad at math as I am.


Are you ready to practice?

Fill in the gaps with the comparative form of the adjectives given.

1. A rock is _____________ than a leaf. (heavy)
2. Our house is _____________ than yours. (big)
3. The ocean is ____________________ than the mountains. (beautiful)
4. Tom is a __________________ student than Mary. (good)
5. Bicycles are _____________________than motorbikes. (safe)
6. January is _____________________than July. (hot)
7. A lion is _______________________ than a cat. (dangerous)
8. Helen is _______________________ than Mary. (happy)
9. Computers are _______________________ than telephones. (expensive)
10. I think golf is ____________________ than football. (boring)

Fill in the gaps with the superlative form of the adjectives given.

1. It is the _________________shop in town. (large)
2. Monday is the __________________ day of the week. (bad)
3. Ben was the ___________________ person in his family. (noisy)
4. Sam is the in the ___________________ class. (popular)
5. What is the _______________________ subject at school? (difficult)
6. Jim is the _______________________ player in the football team. (good)
7. Elephants are the ________________________ animals. (heavy)
8. Let’s pick the _____________________ apples from the tree. (big)
9. Mary is the ______________________ girl in the class. (thin)
10. That is the ______________________________ sofa in our house. (comfortable)

Fill in the gaps with the comparative or the superlative form of the adjectives given.

1. This armchair is ______________________ than the old one. (comfortable)
2. Trains are ____________________ than airplanes. (slow)
3. I bought the ________________________ souvenir I could afford. (expensive)
4. In this classroom there are _______________________ girls than boys. (many)
5. Ann is the _______________________ child in the family. (young)
6. You are _____________________ here than there. (safe)
7. This is the ______________________film I have ever seen. (bad)
8. Tim is ____________________ than Peter. (talented)
9. I can run _____________ fast ______________ you can.

Pretty – A short story using Comparatives and Superlatives

Pretty – A short story using Comparatives and Superlatives

“Mommy, am I pretty?”

In a world where things were more and more aesthetic, Sofia had grown concerned about her looks. She didn’t need to be the prettiest girl at school, nor did she aspire to be prettier than anyone else, she simply hoped to be as pretty as the rest of her friends.  

Claudia sighed. She imagined this day would come sooner or later, though she had hoped for later. It killed her to hear self doubt enveloping the voice of her 8 year old daughter. She wanted to take her into her arms and assure her she was beautiful, but that would simply add wood to the fire. Little boys and girls were placing more and more value on their physical appearance these days and compliments like, “you are beautiful,” only reinforced the absurd concept that physical beauty was a virtue.

Fighting the urge Claudia said, “Do you remember that time we went on vacation to the south, and camped for the entire month?”

“Of course I do mom,” Sofia replied.

“It was pretty amazing wasn’t it?”

“Yep, more amazing than any other vacation.”

“And do you remember the night when we laid on our backs and watched the stars shoot across the sky?”

“How could I forget. I wished on every single one!”

“That was pretty incredible wasn’t it?” Claudia continued.

“It was one of the most incredible nights of my life so far,” Sofia responded.

“And do you remember when that terribly ugly dog decided to adopt us for the month and everyone said he was horrible, but you thought he was the most beautiful dog you had ever seen?”

“Billy was not ugly mom!” Sofia exclaimed.

Well, all of those pretty amazing and pretty incredible things you experienced, all of those beautiful moments you continue to experience, can only be appreciated because you encompass beauty. Not the kind of beauty that can be found in the shape of your eyes or the color of your hair, but true beauty, the kind you wear on the inside. We are mere projections of what is inside of us. Like mirrors, we simply perceive in others what we carry inside. And you, my sweet girl, are filled up to the brim with beauty, which is why you see the beauty in all things. Even that ugly dog you named Billy.

Sofia looked as though she was about to cry.

Claudia held her breath. She hoped she had been clear, hoped she had sent the right message.
With tears in her eyes Sofia looked up at her mom and said, “so that means you are filled up with beauty too mommy.”

Written by Stephanie Cariker

Director at English in Rosario

Present Perfect Theory

Present Perfect Theory

The perfect tenses are perhaps the most confusing for English as a foreign language learn, especially Argentineans. The reason for this is that very few people in Argentina utilize the castellano equivalent.

The problem I have seen over the years with the use of these tenses is not necessarily in understanding the theory but rather in knowing when to apply it.

So let’s begin to break it down.

Present Perfect is: Have/Has + Past Participle

  • Unspecific. So, we will frequently use it with words like: before, once, already.
  • Repetitive action in the past (unspecific): many times, a few times, twice.
  • Unfinished. This means it started in the past but is unfinished: since, for, up to now, yet, never, ever, so far.
  • Something that has just happened: just, recently.

But, when we use it the most is for asking question we have no know way of knowing the answer to. Have you ever been, have you seen, have you tasted, etc. 

The confusion comes when deciding whether we should use Past Simple or Present Perfect and it is VERY important to know the difference because we can make huge mistakes like the following.

Imagine you are looking to “pick someone up” in a bar and so you are getting to know them. Read the dialogue and see if you can detect the difference between the two tenses.

Scenario #1

A: Have you ever been married?

B: Yes, I was married for 10 years.

This person is clearly divorced after having been married for 10 years.

Scenario #2

A: Have you ever been married?

B: Yes, I have been married for 10 years.

This person is STILL married and has been married for 10 years.

Do you see how incredibly important it is to know the difference?

Look at the activities below to see if you can decide between Past Simple and Present Perfect.

  1. Last night I _____________________(lose) my keys so I had to call my flatmate to let me in.
  2. Doctor: Do you smoke cigarettes?
    Patient: Yes, I _______________________ (smoke) since I was 15 years old.
  3. I ___________________(traveled) to Paris three times.
  4. Last year I _______________________(visit) my cousin in Milan.
  5. Melanie and I are best friend. We_________________ (meet) in 2001. I can’t believe we ______ (be) friends for so long.
  6. Sorry I ___________________(write) in so long! I___________(be) really busy with work because one of the other secretaries ________________(quit) last week.
  7. I _________________(play) Hockey since I was a child. I’m not professional but I am pretty good!
  8. My mom _____________________ (celebrate) her fiftieth birthday this month.
  9. _________ you already _______(eat) ? I _______________(make) a delicious stew!
  10. I _________never___________ (saw) that movie.